An Agreement In 1820 Between Pro-Slavery

From an agricultural point of view, the country had no prospect of a major cotton producer in the lower Missouri River, from which this new state was to be formed. Suitable for a varied agriculture, the only crop considered promising for slavery was the cultivation of hemp. On this basis, southern plantation pots migrated to Missouri with their cats, and the slave population grew from 3,100 in 1810 to 10,000 in 1820. Of the total population of 67,000, slaves accounted for about 15%. [18] Decades later, the Americans applauded the 1820 agreement as an essential compromise, almost at the sacred level of the Constitution itself. [93] Although the civil war broke out in 1861, historians often say that compromise helped to repel the war. [94] Following this impasse, Missouri renewed its state request at the end of 1819. This time, House of Representatives spokesman Henry Clay proposed that the Missouri Congress be admitted to the Union as a slave state, while it was part of Massachusetts, while authorizing the free state. In February 1820, the Senate added a second part of the common state law: with the exception of Missouri, slavery would be prohibited in all the former Louisiana purchase areas north of an imaginary line drawn at 36o 30` latitude that passed along the southern border of Missouri.

The 15th Congress had avoided debates focused on constitutional issues, but which had largely avoided the moral dimensions raised by the issue of slavery. The fact that this immeasurable issue has been addressed publicly has been deeply offensive to southerners and has violated the long-standing understanding between free and slave state legislators. [68] During the debate, New York Rep. James Tallmadge proposed an amendment to the state law, which would ultimately have ended slavery in Missouri and freed existing slave laborers. The amended bill narrowly passed the House of Representatives, where the countries of the North had a slight lead. But in the Senate, where free and enslaved states had exactly the same number of senators, the pro-slavery group managed to defeat tallmadge`s amendment, and the House of Representatives refused to pass the law without it. In the decades that followed 1820, as expansion continued westward and more louisiana Purchase Lands were organized as territories, the issue of the expansion of slavery divided the nation. The 1850 compromise, which introduced California into the Union as a free state, required California to send a pro-slave senator to maintain the balance of power in the Senate. In January 1850 Henry Clay introduced a bill to be known as the Compromise of 1850. The terms of the law suggested that Texas would cede its controversial country to Mexico in exchange for $10 million. The territories of New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Utah were defined, while the issue of slavery was ruled out, provided the issue was decided whether the territories applied for the state. In addition, the slave trade would be abolished in the District of Columbia, although slavery is still allowed in the nation`s capital.

It was agreed that California would be allowed as a free state, but the Fugitive Slave Act was passed to appease anti-slavery states. This bill was the most controversial of all the bills that existed in the 1850 compromise. According to his principles, citizens were obliged to help recover runaway slaves. The fugitives were not entitled to a trial. The files were handled by special commissioners, who received $5 when a refugee was released, and $10 if the prisoner was returned to slavery. In addition, the law called for amendments to facilitate the procedure for filing a right against a refugee for slave owners. The new law was devastating. Many former slaves, who had tried to build in the north, left their homes and fled to Canada, where about 20,000 blacks of their population were added over the next ten years.