Withdrawal Agreement Vs Withdrawal Agreement Bill

It contains several important changes that reduce parliamentary scrutiny of Brexit law and give the government the freedom to conduct negotiations without Parliament`s approval. The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. It gives the EU House of Lords committee the right to examine developments in EU law of “vital national interest” for the UK during the transition or implementation period. The House of Commons already had these powers under the October Act. Section 31, which is required in the October bill for parliamentary approval for negotiations on the future relationship, has disappeared. Under the old bill, the House of Commons should have accepted the government`s negotiating objectives in the next phase of the talks. The procedure for parliamentary approval of a future relations agreement subsequently negotiated with the EU has also expired. Lord Callanan (Conservatives), Minister for Exit from the European Union, opened the debate on the bill and responded on behalf of the government. MPs overwhelmingly supported the bill in its first phase at the end of December. The promise that the government`s position in the negotiations on the future relationship will be in line with the political declaration that accompanied the Withdrawal Agreement.

The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation, and the UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal. [17] [18] On December 20, 2019, following the Conservatives` victory in the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the Withdrawal Agreement by a majority of 358 votes to 234. After amendments proposed by the House of Lords and a ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was received on the 23rd. January 2020 royal approval, which allowed ratification on the British side. [39] With regard to the Irish border issue, the Agreement is accompanied by a Northern Ireland Protocol (the “backstop”) establishing a fallback position that will only enter into force if no other effective arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. If this happens, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will remain in some aspects of the single market until such a demonstration is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union.

The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland where customs controls are necessary. [19] The agreement defines the goods, services and related processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the Union (Articles 40 and 41). Deadlines for any discussion on the payment of the divorce bill, thus reducing the debate option until March 2021. .